Foot health: How to care for blisters on feet- The Podiatrist and yourfeetnz
How to care for blisters and other minor foot wounds over the holidays.
The tourist’s nightmare. The walker’s bane. The runner’s curse. The blister. Whether on your palms or soles, this nasty pest is a recipe for pain. As most of us are aware, blisters occur when the skin rubs up against a surface repeatedly over time. The friction causes a small tear in the upper layers of the epidermis which forms into a small gap. The tear allows for the seeping of fluid into the void between layers, and then, folks, you have your blister.
We notice blisters popping up on the soles of our feet, our heels, and sometimes our toes. Blister development generally requires thick and rather motionless skin, and this, not strangely enough, is found on the soles of the feet, the heel, and the toes. Blisters form more easily on moist skin than on dry or soaked skin, and are most apt to occur in warm conditions. Thus, the sole of the foot, damp and warm after a long day’s walk, is the perfect place to harbor a blister.
If you do get a blister you will want to relieve your pain immediately. It is important to keep the blister from growing and to prevent infection. You can treat most blisters yourself. Here is how.
Small, unbroken blisters that don’t cause discomfort generally need no treatment. The best protection against infection is a blister’s own natural skin. It is a good idea to protect this skin, or roof, with a band-aid and to avoid rupturing it. Larger or painful blisters that are intact should be drained without removing the roof. First clean the blister with rubbing alcohol or antibiotic soap and water. Next, heat a needle or a safety pin over a flame until it glows red. Allow it to cool before puncturing a small hole at the edge of the blister. This disinfects the pin. Deplete the liquid with light pressure and apply an antiseptic ointment such as Crystaderm. When the blister is drained cover it with a bandage. Change the bandage daily. If it becomes wet or soiled, change it more frequently.
Blisters with small tears should be treated the same as those that you have performed needle-work on. More padding may be needed to decrease the friction (and pain) in the course of exercise or activity. Ring-shaped pads made of felt will protect small blisters.
When you are ambushed by blisters the biggest question on your mind is, will this endless bandaging and pestering pain ever go away? It will in time. But, fear not, there are ways of actually preventing blisters. To avert blisters you need to eliminate, or at least minimize, friction. The best way to do this is to wear the correct size shoe. Shoes should fit comfortable with roughly one thumb’s width between your longest toe and the end of the shoe. Narrow shoes can cause blisters on the little toe and the big toe. A narrow toe box may cause blisters on the tops of the toes as well.
Loose shoes may create blisters on the tips of the toes. It is important to buy shoes for a specific sport or activity as well, as specific shoes are designed to be used for specific motions. Basketball shoes and walking shoes are not, and should not be used, interchangeably. Wear the same socks when you try on your pair that you plan on wearing during your work out. It is best not try on shoes in the morning, as feet tend to swell during the day. It is also a good idea to give the shoes a test run, just to be safe. Walk or jog around the store before purchasing the shoes. Make sure you do not experience any discomfort.
Coupling the right pair of shoes with the perfect pair of socks will aid in your crusade against blisters. Socks can decrease friction between the feet and shoes. Layering of socks or double-layered socks can minimize abrasion. Socks made from new synthetic can absorb moisture from the skin better than wool or cotton, thus creating a less blister-friendly environment. It is a good idea to always carry an extra pair of socks to change into in case your feet get too damp. Foot powders and spray antiperspirants that contain aluminum chlorhydrate or aluminum chloride are other ways to decrease moisture. If you are really concerned about blisters try applying a thin layer of petroleum jelly to your feet to decrease friction. Duct tape or cloth tape will provide a similar result.
Blisters are minor problems every human must face. Though they are but minor ailments, they must be dealt with. It is important to treat blisters immediately because a small blister can lead into a big infection. If there is puss, excessive redness with streaks leading away from the sore, or if you are experiencing extreme pain you should see a doctor.
For all your foot care needs, contact The Podiatrist. We have a range of foot creams that are ideal for preventing blister, as well as treating them.
Posted on December 16, 2013, in Contact a Podiatrist, What is a Podiatrist, Your feet and tagged arch pain, arch support, arch supports, Athlete's foot, Athletic shoe, auckland podiatrist, auckland podiatrists, auckland podiatry clinic, blisters, bunions, Callus, Caron Orelowitz, childrens feet, corns, crystaderm, Dr Comfort, dr comfort socks, foot care clinic, foot specilaist, Footwear, gehwol creams, heel pain, inflammation, north shore podiatrists, orthotics, painful feet, plantar fasciitis, Podiatrist, podiatrist in remuera, podiatrists, podiatry, podiatry clinic, podiatry east auckland, podiatry west wauckland, pronation, remuera podiatrist, remuera podiatry, running, Running Shoes, Shoe, socks, sore feet, specialist foot care, sports creams, The Podiatrist, toe pain, walking, west auckland podiatry, your feet. Bookmark the permalink. Leave a comment.